Geography 470 (Engineering I)

Soil and Water Engineering

Fall Term, 1995
Dr. Craig Caupp

Catalog Description

2206.470, Principles and methods for soil and water management related to surface land disturbance. Methods for calculating storm runoff and erosion, design of flow conveyances and water detention basins, and computer assisted modeling. Three hours of lecture and one 2-hour lab period each week. Prerequisites: 6 credits of mathematics, or permission of the instructor.


This course will teach engineering techniques for calculating peak runoff, flood hydrographs, conveyance design and storage detention basins. These engineering techniques will be learned by solving applied hydrology problems. Many of the projects will be group projects. Each lab will require a written report. Many reports will require graphs illustrating the results.

Course Objectives

  1. Learn to evaluate the factors influencing erosion, on-site stormwater management and sedimentation.
  2. Obtain an understanding of the importance of erosion and sediment control.
  3. Obtain an understanding of the basic engineering principles related to the application and construction of water diversion structures and impoundments.
  4. Design diversion ditches, dams and sediment ponds.
  5. Develop an understanding of methods used to calculate runoff, soil erosion, and hydraulic equations for open channel flow and pipes.
  6. Obtain experience working with computers to solve problems. Experience with the computer will include working with spreadsheet and programs used to calculate runoff.
  7. Apply concepts of applied horology to analyze watershed condition.
  8. Learn to use TR-55 to calculate peak flow and flood hydrographs.
  9. Learn to manage storm water management project:
  10. Learn to use AUTOCAD to digitize watersheds and soil surveys.
  11. Become proficient with spreadsheets for calculations, data management and graphing.


Students will become familiar and proficient with several computer programs. Computer programs will be used as tools in the course, word processor programs will be used to prepare reports; calculations, graphing, and data management will be done in a spreadsheet. The TR-55 computer program will be used to calculate peak flow. AUTOCAD will be used to digitize maps. The Eagle Point Watershed program will be used to demonstrate integrated programs currently in use in engineering offices. The Eagle Point Watershed program is program which runs inside of AUTOCAD, so it will be necessary to become familiar with AUTOCAD.

Study Hint Warning

Do not fall behind. The lab material builds from one week to the next. If you are one week behind, twice the work will be required to finish the current weeks project, if you are three week behind three times the work will be required. Late projects are accepted with points taken off for being late. The greatest penalty for getting behind on projects is the lost, sinking feeling of having no clue as to what is going on in class or lab. Many of the computer software programs will be new to you and will require some experimentation. There will likely be some frustrating times working on the computer programs. These programs will require time spent learning their commands. This is the first year the Eagle Point Software has been used. Expect some delays and problems while getting this package up and going. Working in groups is a necessary skill for dealing with engineering projects. Projects will require working together as an effective group. Many of the projects can only be done on time by dividing up the work within a group. Groups will be assigned by the instructor. Individual reports will be required. Calculators and handout material should be brought to class each session. Calculators will be used during the lecturers and often short problem sets are assigned to be finished during the lecture period. Tests are open book, open notes.


"Urban Surface Water Management", 1989, Stuart G. Walesh, Wiley Interscience. (suggested but not required).

"Storm Water Management Design Manual for Frederick County, Maryland" "TR-55 Manual," SCS..


Calculator, colored pencils, and engineering scale


The exams include questions from your text readings, lecture notes, and lab exercises. Types of questions include multiple choice, matching, fill-in-blank, short answer essay, and design problems. The tests will be very similar to the projects. The tests will be given during the lab periods or as take home tests.

Three exams will be given. The first exam will occur in the fifth or sixth week, the second in approximately the tenth week and the last during the scheduled final exam period. Make-up exams will be given only if the student is ill or a personal emergency occurs. The absence must be reported to the instructor prior to the examination period and supported by proper written documentation.

GRADES -- determined by total points accumulated:
Exam 1 100 A = 450 or more
Exam 2 100 B = 400 to 449
Final Exam 125 C = 350 to 399
Lab 175 D = 300 to 349
Total points500 F = 299 and below

Late exercises

Homework and lab exercises are expected to be on time. A grace period of 1 day is allowed. After 1 day 5% per day will be taken off until 10 days passes when they will no longer be accepted.


Attendance will not be taken. Students assume responsibility for information and handouts missed due to absence. Lab exercises are expected to be done on time. Lab exercises missed due to absence will not be accepted.


DH 314 (ext. 4755) Hours MF 1:00 -2:00, W 9:00am -10:00am, TR 11:00 am-noon, and F 11:00am to 12:00. I have an open door office policy, stop by with your question at any time.


is defined to include giving or receiving aid on exams, any form of cheating, or plagiarism. Students found guilty of academic dishonesty will receive an automatic course grade of "F" and will be referred to the Campus Judicial System. For a discussion of Academic Dishonesty refer to statement in the Student Handbook.

Tentative Schedule of Topics

Geography 470 (Engineering I)
Soil and Water Engineering
Topical Outline

1.  What is Water Engineering, Urban Hydrology, Applied Hydrology

    a.   Movement of Water

    b.   Amount

    c.   Quality

2.  Why

    a.   Importance of Water

    b.   Too Much

    c.   Too Little

    d.   Poor Quality

    e.   Legislation

      i. Storm Water Management

         (1)    state code

      ii.  Flood Plain

      iii. Wetlands

      iv.  Waterways

3.  How

    a.   Conveyance

      i. Swales

      ii.  Ditches

      iii. Culverts

      iv.  Storm Sewers

    b.   Storage

      i. Ponds (detention/retention facilities)

      ii.  On Site

      iii. Ditches

    c.   Runoff Management

4.  Calculating Runoff, Peak Flows, Total amount, Flood Hydrography , and Routing

    a.   Hydrologic cycle

      i. Factors affecting surface runoff

      ii.  Groundwater recharge

    b.   Delineation of Watershed

    c.   Soils --- Hydraulic Soil Group

    d.   Land use

    e.   Flow Paths --- Travel Time

5.  Methods for Calculating Peak flow and hydrography

    a.   Rational Method (Peak Flow Only)

    b.   TR-55 Soil Conservation Service Urban Hydrology unit hydro

    c.   TR-20

    d.   HEC-1 Flood Hydrography Package

    e.   HEC-2 Water Surface Profiles

    f.   Eagle Point Software

6.  Impacts of Urbanization

    a.   Peak Flows

    b.   Total Flows

    c.   Groundwater

    d.   Soils, sedimentation, Universal Soil Loss Equation

    e.   Nonpoint pollution

7.  Sediment Control

    a.   Factors influencing sediment transport and deposition

    b.   Calculation of sediment volume

    c.   Sediment Control Measures

    d.   Dams

    e.   Embankments

    f.   Spillways

    g.   Gabion

    h.   Crib

    i.   Stone check

    j.   On-site detention Ponds 


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Send Comments to Craig Caupp ccaupp@frostburg.edu

Last Modified March 30, 1996