Fundamentals in the Mapping Sciences

Lab Reference Page


Quick Jump to a Lab

Lab - Website Construction Lab

Lab - Map Design and Layout in ArcMap

Lab - Map Projections Using ArcMap

Lab - Positioning Type

Lab - Visual Variables/Introduction to Freehand

Lab - Data Classification

Lab - Graduated Symbol Map

Lab - Isarithmic Mapping

Lab - Map Production I: Base Map Compilation

Lab - Map Production II: Map Design

Lab - Map Animation I: Introduction to Flash

Lab - Map Animation II: Animating Census Data

Lab: Website Construction Lab


Where you sign up for space on the FSU web server

Student Web Server


Where you sign up for a FSU email account

Get a Frostburg E-mail Account


Where you can download a free version of FTP

Download WS-FTP LE 


Two site to experiment with contrasts in background and text colors for your web page




If you are interested in using textures as a background, then check this site out

Julian Tolson


Some examples of the different web site classifications as reviewed in lecture.

Static Maps

CIA World Factbook -- a collection of simple outline maps of countries around the world.

Digital Atlases

Digital Atlas of Idaho -- an electronic atlas of Idaho containing information on archeology, biology, geology, geography, etc.

Map Generators

Yahoo Maps -- need to plan a trip, get directions, find out where someplace is?  This is a way to interactively enter queries about a place, such as where is it, and instantly receive information pertinent to your request.  

Spatial Data Warehouses and Digital Data Libraries

Pennsylvania Spatial Data Access -- provides access to various kinds of spatial data about Pennsylvania.

Real Time Map Browsers

United States National Atlas -- displays interactive graphs, maps, and tables of data about different kinds of cancer for state, economic region, and county  level.  

Real Time Maps and Images

Puget Sound Traffic Maps -- shows real-time traffic conditions in Puget Sound in the state of  Washington.


Lab: Map Design and Layout in ArcMap


An example map showing the world's top twenty happiest countries


Description: H:\Coursework\Active_Course_Work\Geog_310\Web_Page\geog310\World_Happiness_small.jpg


For a *.pdf version of the map -- Click Here


Lab: Map Projections


A few links to map projection web pages that might be useful


1. The Geographer's Craft Page on Map Projections


2. The Geographer's Craft Page on Coordinate Systems


3. An overview of map projections created by Carlos A. Furuti


4. An overview of map projections from the USGS (from their famed poster on map projections)


5. Some Map Projection Essentials


6. A picture gallery of dozens of map projections


7. A gallery of map projections by Paul B. Anderson


8. A useful overview of common map projections


9. A very good general overview of map projections with plenty of examples and discussions 


10. A useful table showing selected projections and their properties


11. An interactive Album of Map Projections from Penn State


12. Quite simply a great book on map projections (John P. Snyder)

Lab: Positioning Type


1. An overview of type from the National Park Service's Interpretive Center at Harpers Ferry WV


2. An interesting website covering various topics relating to type, such as how the aging process impacts seeing type


3. There is even a journal about type if you are so inclined.


Lab: Visual Variables and Introducing Freehand


            1. A brief summation of Stevens (1946) measurement levels and more from Wikipedia



            2. An overview of the visual variables from Dr. John Krygier at Ohio Wesleyan University.

                Scroll to the bottom of the page and look for heading 4a -- The Visual Variables



            3. The company who produces and distributes Freehand


Lab: Data Classification


The six maps below illustrate the impact of applying different data classification methods on the same data set.  


Description: FLA.jpg (301446 bytes)


Lab: Graduated Symbol Map


For an example of good and poor graduated circle maps, click on the thumbnail below.



The top illustration shows a reasonable graduated circle map.


Some good qualities of this map include: 


Description: H:\Coursework\Active_Course_Work\Geog_310\Web_Page\geog310\CirGood_small.jpg

·         Circles are appropriately sized.

·         Circles are placed in the center of each state directly over the capital city.  

·         The legend is properly arranged with appropriate values.

·         The title is clear and provides explanation of the data.


The bottom illustrations show poorly executed graduated circle maps.


Description: H:\Coursework\Active_Course_Work\Geog_310\Web_Page\geog310\Bad_Circle_1_small.jpg     Description: H:\Coursework\Active_Course_Work\Geog_310\Web_Page\geog310\Bad_Cricle_2_small.jpg


Some poor qualities of these maps include:

·         Circles are too big obscuring many states.

·         No description of data values in legend.

·         Poor text placement strategies.

Lab: Isarithmic Mapping

This map involves the creation of a surface of some 'z' value


This link takes you to Golden Software, makers of Surfer - a powerful spatial interpolation software package.


Once on this page, click on the Surfer link to see the various kinds of 'surface' this software can produce.


Lab: Map Production I: Base Map Compilation


This lab involves creating a base map of a foreign country.  


Some of the sites from which you can use to learn more about the foreign country are found at the links below:

1)   The Perry-Castaņeda Library On-line Map Collection 


2)   The National Geographic Map Machine (enter the country's name in the search box)


3)   CIA World Factbook (look under the country's name in the pull-down menu)


Lab: Map Production I: Map Design


A broad overview of the map design process from the Geographer's Craft.  


Pay particular attention to bullets 3 -- What is a Good Map and 4 -- Basic Elements of Map Composition


Lab: Introduction to Map Animation


The following animations are best viewed using Microsoft's Internet Explorer.


Cel-based Animation Example in Flash


Tweened Animation Example in Flash


Lab: Animating Census Data


A simple animation showing the path of West Virginia Population Change 1969



Last Updated 09/08