Erik (Homberger) Erikson
Researched and written by: Shayla R. K.
|I attest that the following biography is a
product of my own original
Erik Erikson is considered to be
the “Father of Psychosocial Development.” He was born on June 15, 1902
in Frankfurt, Germany.
His biological father left before he was born and his mother remarried
Erikson was three years old. Up until Erikson became an American
1933, he went by the name of Erik Homberger (which was not his
biological father's name). The reason why he changed his name
is unknown, but was likely due to him never knowing the true identity
of his biological father.
suffered from his own identity crisis which led to his development of
crisis concept” which states that an identity crisis is a necessary
development that accompanies the growth of an appropriate identity.
Erikson was analyzed by Anna Freud, founder of child psychoanalysis and
daughter of Sigmund Freud, in 1927. This influenced his interest in
culture on the development of children.
extended Sigmund Freud’s developmental theory. He established that
development continues throughout one’s life span, Freud claimed that
personality is determined by the age of five. Erikson generated eight
development: Trust vs. Mistrust, Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt,
Guilt, Industry vs. Inferiority, Identity vs. Role Confusion, Intimacy
Isolation, Generativity vs. Stagnation, and Integrity vs. Despair.
stages abide by the epigenetic principle which states that a person’s
development is predetermined. Erikson’s
theory maintains that if a stage is successfully overcome, a virtue or
“psychosocial strength” is attained that will assist in the management
first book Childhood and Society was
published in 1950. He also had many others including Identity:
Youth and Crisis (1968) and Youth: Change and Challenge
Martin, C. (1999). Erik Erikson. Psyche Matters, 1-3.
Schultz, D., & Schultz, S.
(2004). A history of modern psychology (8th ed.). Las Vegas,
Sharkey, W. (1997). Erik Erikson.
Retrieved March 25, 2005, from