Robert B. Kauffman, Ph.D.


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Writings and Essays - Swiftwater Rescue:

Cover of Alvin's FarmSwiftwater Rescue Course Manual: The Swiftwater Rescue Manual was developed by rbk who is responsible for its contents. People are welcome to use any and all the materials. They do so with the following stipulations.

1. Users using the materials acknowledge that they are knowledgeable in swiftwater rescue and know how to use the materials contained herein. These materials are provided to assist people already knowledgable and trained in swiftwater rescue. [Yes, this is a disclaimer.]

2. The author has attempted to be accurate and has not purposely created false information. Again, users of these materials assume that they are knowledgable and can determine for themselves any errors or incorrect information. [Yes, this is a disclaimer.]

3. In an effort to advance SWR, these materials are offered free. Anyone who uses the materials, in part or in full, may do so. The only request is to provide rbk with the appropriate acknowledgement for the materials used. In other words, acknowledge and don't plagiarize. Use, but don't abuse. Recognize the source.
[Keywords: Swiftwater Rescue, River Rescue, SWR, Throw Bags, Rescue]

Entire SWR Manual
Ch. 1: Concepts & Philosophy of Rescue
Ch. 2: Wading and Swimming Crossings
Ch. 3: Rope Rescues
Ch. 4: River Dynamics
Ch. 5: Knots, Hitches & Bends
Ch. 6: Mechanical Advantage

in addition to the manual, individual jpg files of the diagrams are available also.

1.1: S.T.O.P.
1.2: The Rescue Curve
1.3: 911 Syndrome
1.4: Rescue Curve Examples Using SWR
1.5: Example of Moving from One Rescue Curve Stage to Another
1.6: Flow Model
1.7: Adventure Experience Paradigm
1.8: AEP - Perceived and Real Risks
1.9: The Roller Coaster
1.10: Search and Rescue Phases
1.11: Determining the Search Area & PLS
2.1: Solo Wading with a Paddle
2.2: Two People Wading
2.3: Four Person Huddle
2.4: Pryamid
2.5: Inline Crossing
2.6: Defensive and Aggressive Swimming
2.7: Barrel Roll
2.8: Back Ferry - Defensive Swimming
2.9: Using Defensive Swimming to Swim a River
2.10: Strainer Drill
2.11: Line Crossing
2.12: Diagonal Traverse
2.13: Swimming a Line Across the River
3.1: Anatomy of a Throw Bag
Typical Throw Bag Rope Types
3.3: Stuffing a Throw Bag

3.4: Coiling a Rope for the Second Throw
3.5: Throw Bag Drill
3.6: Belays
3.7: Increasing the Pendulum Effect
3.8: Using Vector Pull to Increase Pendulum Effect
3.9: Stabilization Line
3.10: Snag Line
3.11: Weighted Snag Line Versus Inverted Paddle Snag Line
3.11: [alt] Inverted Paddle Snag Line
3.12: Simple Rope Tether
3.13: Live Bait Rescue
3.14: V-Lower
3.15: Methods of Connecting the Tether to Rescue Belt Tether
3.16: Simple Cinch
3.17: Kiwi Cinch
3.18: Carlson Cinch
4.1: Laminar Flow
4.2: Primary Flow
4.3: Upstream and Downstream Vs
4.4: Ustream and Downstream Vs (Swimmer's Perspective)
4.5: River Bends
4.6: Chutes and Waves
4.7: Anatomy of an Eddy
4.8: Anatomy of a Hydraulic
4.9: Pillows
4.10: Compression Waves
4.11: Strainers
4.12: Undercut Rocks [Characteristics]
........Undercut Rocks [Normal Flow]
4.13: Low Head Dams
4.14: Drowning Trap -Flood Levels
4.15: Drowning Trap - Normal Summer
4.16: Drowning Trap - Drowning Trap
plt5.1: Rope Parts
plt5.2: Figure 8 Family
plt5.3: Self Equalizing Anchor using a Figure 8 Follow Through & Bowline

plt5.4: Yosemite Tie Off for Bowline
plt5.5: Hitches
plt5.6: Trucker's Hitch & Double Fisherman
plt5.7: Tensionless Anchor
plt5.8: Sheetbend & Water Knot
5.22: Anchors
5.23: Anatomy of a Carabiner
5.24: Disconnecting Two Carabiners
5.25: Disconnecting Two Carabiners (Alternate Method)
6.1: 2:1 and 3:1 Z-Rig [not included]
6.2: Self-adjusting Brake
6.3: Range of System and Throw for Piggyback and 5:1 Systems
6.4: Summary Table for Throw
6.5: 120 Degree Rule
6.6: 120 Degree Rule Applied to 2:1 System
6.7: 2:1 System
6.8: 3:1 Z-rig System
6.9: 4:1 Piggy Back System
6.10: 5:1 System
6.11: 9:1 Double Z-rig
6.12: 4:1 Using Block and Tackle

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photo of Dr. Kauffman
Dr. Robert B. Kauffman


Photo Credits: Unless noted, photos by Robert B. Kauffman. Picture of Dr. Kauffman by Liz Metcalf.
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